Insecticide Classes

Main Group and
Primary Site of Action
Chemical Sub-group or
primary Active Ingredient
Active Ingredient
1:  Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors

Nerve action
1A - Carbamates carbaryl, methomyl, oxamyl
1B - Organophosphates diazinon, dimethoate, malathion, phosmet
3:  Sodium channel modulators

Nerve action
3A - Pyrethroids, Pyrethrins esfenvalerate, beta-cyfluthrin, fenpropathrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, permethrin, pyrethrin
4:  Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists

Nerve action
4A - Neonicotinoids acetamiprid, imidacloprid, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam
4C - Sulfoxaflor sulfoxaflor
4D - Flupyradifurone flupyradifurone
5:  Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor activators

Nerve action
5 - Spinosyns spinetoram, spinosad
6:  Chloride channel activators

Nerve and muscle action
6 - Avermectins, Milbemycins abamectin, emamectin benzoate
7:  Juvenile hormone mimics

Growth regulation
7C - Pyriproxyfen pyriproxyfen
9:  Selective homopteran feeding blockers 9C - Flonicamid flonicamid
10:  Mite growth inhibitors

Growth regulation
10A - Clofentezine, Hexythiazox clofentezine, hexythiazox
10B - Etoxazole etoxazole
11:  Microbial disruptors of insect midgut

11 - Bacillus thuringiensis Bacillus thuringiensis
12:  Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase

Energy metabolism
12B - Organotin miticides fenbutatin-oxide
15:  Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 0

Growth regulation
15 - Benzoylureas diflubenzuron, novaluron
16:  Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 1

Growth regulation
16 - Buprofezin buprofezin
18:  Ecdysone receptor agonists

Growth regulation
18 - Diacylhydrazines methoxyfenozide
20:  Mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitors

Energy metabolism
20A - Acequinocyl acequinocyl
20D - Bifenazate bifenazate
21:  Mitochondrial complex I electron transport inhibitors

Energy metabolism
21 - METI acaricides and insecticides pyridaben, tolfenpyrad
22:  Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers

Nerve action
22 - Indoxacarb indoxacarb
23:  Inhibitors of acetyl CoA carboxylase

Lipid synthesis, growth regulation
23 - Tetronic and Tetramic acid derivatives spirodiclofen, spirotetramet
25:  Mitochondrial complex II electron transport inhibitors

Energy metabolism
 25A - Beta-ketonitrile derivatives cyflumetofen
28:  Ryanodine receptor modulators

Nerve and muscle action
28 - Diamides chlorantraniliprole, cyantraniliprole